The Kingdom of Heaven Does NOT Forcibly Advance
By Steve (S.J.) Hill
And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence and the violent take it by force.
…the kingdom of heaven has been forcefully advancing and forceful men lay hold of it.
…the kingdom of heaven is forcibly entered and violent men seize it.
All my Christian life I have found the idea that Jesus somehow endorses violent human effort (even if metaphorical or spiritual) for His cause as very odd. It contradicts the rest of His teaching, the life He lived, the example He set, and the rest of the New Testament. Typical translations of Matt. 11:12 fit like a gorilla in a tuxedo. You don’t have to be a scholar to know: “something just ain’t right!” The fact that there’s some divergence among translators provides us with its own warning: difficulty ahead. It’s always a mistake to be dogmatic, or to make much of a little, on a point based on an obscure and difficult passage.
I am personally aware of ministries and networks who have structured themselves around Matt. 11:12 as translated above as their commissioning verse. I’ve heard this verse used as a proof-text to dubiously justify a number of things such as:
- national militarism and imperialism in the name of Christ (“just war”);
- relational aggressiveness and insensitivity;
- stereotypical gender roles regarding “masculinity”;
- militant spiritual warfare;
- an antidote to passivity.
Recent discoveries of papyri and developments in scholarship have provided a more contextually valid understanding of this difficult verse. Before we get there, we have to get the elephant out of the living room that will block our view: anti-scholarship prejudice.
There persists to this day, a one hundred-year-old bias against anything scholarly or theological in churches whose roots are remotely Pentecostal/Charismatic (P/C). The bias against scholarship can be mild or severe, overt or subtle, and based on experiences with some people, not without good reason! Exposure to overbearing folks with withered hearts and big brains would dampen anyone’s enthusiasm for scholarship. However, just because you got a wormy apple doesn’t mean you should swear off apples forever and denounce all apples as wormy. You just have to find a good one.
In many P/C churches being a scholar or theologian is associated with being spiritually dead or worse, a liberal! Some of this bias is rooted in a faulty understanding and application of 2 Corinthians 3:6. Some of the bias is rooted in insecurity. We can be intimated by someone else’s knowledge when it surpasses our own. It makes us feel inadequate rather than complete together.
I have spent my entire Christian life in P/C churches. I have heard scholars and theologians mocked, scorned, derided, and laughed at from pulpits all across the country. “We don’t need education, we need the anointing,” is the P/C battle cry. “Just give us the simple gospel,” is the clamor from the pew. And then there are the well-worn pulpit preacherisms of: “bibliolatory,” theological “cemeteries” (seminaries), and “exit-Jesus” (exegesis). In recent days I have heard arguments put forth that we need to move away from so much emphasis on the Scriptures and toward “present truth revelation” or the “other ways” in which God speaks to us.
I have always thought it disingenuous for individuals who teach and preach to mock and downplay scholarship, while at the same time availing themselves of the work of scholars they have in their library to prepare the messages in which they will denounce education and scholarship! The problem is, we prefer our scholars like our prophets: dead. We can admire them from a distance and not have to deal with the implications of what a living one might have to say.
Contrary to the protestations of the insecure, the disciplined study and application of Scripture is honorable, and scholarship contributes positively to personal spiritual health and the eternal destiny of the Church.
Granted, scholarship does not define the River of Life. The River of Life is wide and deep with lots of room for anyone to swim freely in. However, the River does have boundaries. Theology and scholarship define the safe boundary banks and the quality of the water. Good theology makes sure the river of Life does not get overrun with spiritual algae and other harmful doctrinal microbes and parasites. Good theology is like maintaining train tracks. Without track maintenance, and individuals skilled in recognizing weaknesses in the tracks, the best train in the world, full of the most loving and sincere people in the world, will inevitably end up in the ditch in a pile of human carnage.
It’s also true that the gospel is so simple that a 4-year-old can know Jesus. I also readily admit that you do not have to be a scholar to love and serve people and introduce them to Jesus. But that’s not the same as accurately understanding Scripture and presuming to teach others from it. In Charismatic America, anyone with an 8th grade education, the Bible under his/her arms, and the “anointing” is considered to be automatically equipped to preach. This is precisely the reason that Charismatic churches across the country today are relational and doctrinal train wrecks of neo-Gnosticism.
Without advances in scholarship, a good bit of our understanding and presentation of Scripture are little more than “educated guesses.” It would seem to me that if we expect people to conform their lives and behaviors to what we present from the Word, it would behoove us to do all we can to be as accurate as we can be. I shudder when someone comes to the pulpit and the only resource they have used as an authority in their preparation is Strong’s Concordance, a work that is over 100 years old! That’s like going to a doctor who practices phrenology, Mesmerism, and bloodletting to treat disease! It’s a tad “dated.”
Moulton and Milligan’s eight volume, Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament, is an excellent resource. I have a copy myself (as I do Strong’s Concordance). They spent 15 years compiling it. However, as good as it is, it does not have entries for 17% of the words in the New Testament! Of the words they did include 800 had no documentary evidence to support their definitions. The work was actually out of date before it was published! Thousands of papyri fragments have been discovered since their noble effort with thousands more coming to light each year. All these new discoveries shed light on the Scriptures, and Matthew 11:12 is one such beneficiary.
The little Greek word that causes so much trouble and gives the connotation of violence is bia. Recent discoveries and developments in papyrology have confirmed beyond all doubt, that the word was used at the time for “illegal forcible acquisition.” It was a technical legal term referring to the act of hindering an owner or lawful possessor from the enjoyment of his or her property. The use of actual physical force is not required. It is a term denoting infringement of rights, not necessarily physical violence.
So here is a better rendering:
From the time of John the Baptizer until now, heaven’s realm is being used or even robbed by people who have no legal right to it. This stops those who do have a legal right to it from enjoying their own property.
Well, now! That makes sense!
Think of it contextually. In the passage Jesus is talking to the multitudes and referring to the resistance He and John have been experiencing from the religious establishment of Judaism. John’s ministry marked the end of the old order and the beginning of the new. Things were changing. In the context of Matthew 11 Jesus boldly declares the dawning of the kingdom age. He talks about not being offended by his ministry. The members of the religious establishment were protecting their own interests among the people by resisting and demeaning John and now, Himself.
Elsewhere Jesus specifically speaks of the Torah lawyers as “taking away the key of knowledge and hindering those who would enter the kingdom of heaven from entering, as well as failing to enter themselves.” Jesus is announcing that the abusive hegemony over the people of God by the apostate religious establishment is over. Yet, beginning with John, His opponents are still trying to hinder the covenant people from what is rightly theirs.
Following the synthesis principle this makes much more sense. This verse has nothing to do with believers “forcefully” taking the kingdom. The passage is referring to the negative behavior of those who would resist Jesus. It is not an encouragement to the followers of Christ to “be more aggressive!”
The next time you hear someone mocking scholars, perhaps you could gently rebuke him or her. Without scholarship we deify ignorance. Jesus in His Person and in the proclamation of His Word are worth better than that. Neither anointed ignorance nor sterile orthodoxy is the tenth fruit of the Spirit.
We all don’t have to be scholars to prosper and be effective in Christ’s kingdom. But safety says, if we’re not one ourselves, it would be wise to know someone who is and to yield to him or her, in proportion to the significance of the issues at stake. If you are going to preach and teach, and expect people to conform their lives to your words, and perhaps affect their eternal destiny, you really must do better than: “I really feel in my heart that God wants me to share this.”
Scholars have their portion in the kingdom. We are complete . . . together.
 King James Version.
 New International Version.
 The New Greek English Interlinear, United Bible Society, 4th Edition with the New Revised Standard version.
 Based on these translations, was not Simon Peter just obeying the Lord by being a violent man trying to take the kingdom by force when he lopped off the ear of Malchus (John 18:10)? Of course not. Jesus told him to put the sword away. These translations, and their typical applications just don’t hold water.
 The letter kills but the Spirit gives life. It is assumed that if someone is educated or a scholar that they are automatically “of” the letter that brings death and the knowledge that puffs up. This is, of course, nonsense. Paul was a highly educated man of his time whose talents, skills, and education were redeemed and reconstituted according to Christ in resurrection for kingdom service. His gospel came by revelation seed, but that seed was planted in a highly educated man. Revelation caused all the “pieces” to come together for Paul, in Paul, and through Paul.
 Bibliolatry: The worship of the Scriptures rather than the Person of Christ. This flimsy red herring of an accusation is frequently raised against anyone who is serious about the Scriptures. God’s Word and His Spirit are not in competition, though you would never know it in some churches.
 I have been in environments where this point has been argued . . . against!
We all should know that no one except God has perfect understanding. Doctrinal accuracy may be in a spectrum. There is room for divergent opinion on non-core apostolic doctrine within the kingdom family.
 Nyland, Ann, Papyri, Women, and Word Meaning in the New Testament. Priscilla Papers, Volume 17, Number 4. 2003.
 In the last 20 years, 4,000 papyri have been discovered in Ephesus alone! Nyland, 2003.
 Ibid. Nyland 2003.
 Ibid, Nyland, 2003.
 Matthew 11:4-5.
 “A reed shaken in the wind” . . . Jesus was likely referring to derisive commentary in the community, whose source was the religious establishment. He is throwing the “community gossip” back out to them. John is more than what they have been told by the religious establishment.
 Luke 11:52. Contextually this is confirmed as Luke 11 follows chronologically upon John 10 where the Jews have just threatened to stone Him for claiming God as His Father, by inference, claiming equality with God. John 10:29-42. These are the people He is referring to in Matthew 11:12.
 Interpreting Scripture by Scripture.###
S.J. Hill is a speaker, teacher, author, and leader in the Body of Christ with over 42 years of experience in the ministry. He has traveled extensively, pastored, and been on the adjunct faculty of several bible colleges. He is the author of four books. His website is at: http://www.sjhillonline.com.
[Editor’s note: There are what at times seems to be a myriad of leaders in the Pentecostal/Charismatic stream who cite this passage of scripture as justification for their angry, aggressive, dominating, controlling, tyrannical, insecurity-and-jealousy-driven personalities, methods, and practices. So many, it makes one wonder sometimes if anyone in the P/C stream has ever heard of the word “meek” or “meekness,” or ever did a word-study of the related words or preached a sermon on the topic. Such a misunderstood, under-appreciated, and little desired quality in today’s culture that “devours one another.” Jesus said, “Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth” (Mat. 5:5). He instructed believers to take his yoke of servitude upon themselves and to learn of Him and that one of His personal qualities was that of being meek: “Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls” (Mat. 11:29). The very fact that meekness was a characteristic of the Son of God demonstrates unequivocally that meek in no way means weak. God described Moses as “very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth” (Num. 12:3). During his fleshly life and ministry, Jesus was by no means weak! The word in its various forms appears 15 additional times in the KJV of the Bible:
(Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.) (Num. 12:3)
The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever. (Psa. 22:26)
The meek will he guide in judgment: and the meek will he teach his way. (Psa. 25:9)
But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace. (Psa. 37:11)
When God arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. Selah. (Psa. 76:9)
The LORD lifteth up the meek: he casteth the wicked down to the ground. (Psa. 147:6)
For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation. (Psa. 149:4)
But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. (Isa. 11:4)
The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. (Isa. 29:19)
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; (Isa. 61:1)
That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek: and a man and his father will go in unto the same maid, to profane my holy name: (Amos 2:7)
Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD’S anger. (Zeph. 2:3)
Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. (Mat. 21:5)
But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. (1 Pet. 3:4)
God grant us more men like Jesus and Moses to demonstrate to the entire Church Jesus is building how to inherit the earth! end Editor’s note]
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